A Companion to Ancient Greek Government

A Companion to Ancient Greek Government

Language: English

Pages: 612

ISBN: 1405198583

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This comprehensive volume details the variety of constitutions and types of governing bodies in the ancient Greek world.

  • A collection of original scholarship on ancient Greek governing structures and institutions
  • Explores the multiple manifestations of state action throughout the Greek world
  • Discusses the evolution of government from the Archaic Age to the Hellenistic period, ancient typologies of government, its various branches, principles and procedures and realms of governance
  • Creates a unique synthesis on the spatial and memorial connotations of government by combining the latest institutional research with more recent trends in cultural scholarship











turns out to be a better way of distinguishing good from bad forms of political order (300e–301e). The kind of basileia where a man possessed of the “royal science” of government rules above the laws is declared to be the best option, but at the same time it is recognized as utopian (Rowe 2000a: 244–251). Earlier, in a more optimistic mood, Plato had formulated in his Republic the famous theory of the philosopher kings, “the greatest of all the

or sold abroad into slavery (Solon frs. 4, 34W; [Arist.] Ath. Pol. 2.5–6). The solution that was adopted was to forbid loans on the security of the individual and to cancel private and public debts, liberating those enslaved in Attika and repatriating those who had been sold abroad. By establishing a lower threshold, below which freeborn members of the community could no longer fall, Solon defined the boundaries of the citizen body and, from this point on, Athenians

demonstrate that, contrary to what used to be the common opinion, popular rule was alive and well in many poleis during the Early Hellenistic period, and to analyze the processes by which democratic governance was slowly replaced by other forms of government. First of all, however, I need to stress the enormous differences between these communities. On the one hand, we have the cities in the “New World” of the

departure from democratic principles as it enabled members of wealthy families to reach a position of life-long prominence. Another central function of Greek citizen-states was the administration of justice. With the emergence of democracy the right to pass judgment as a juror had come to be considered an essential element of citizenship, and, as we have seen, this was still true in the early

interest of this definition unquestionably lies in the way it gathers together and anticipates the various statuses that the remainder of the dialogue will reserve for the law: it is first and foremost a process of reasoning, fashioned by intellect just as it is to be set forth in a rational, demonstrative way. This rational thought is addressed to the soul, which is subject to pleasures and pains, fear and

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