A Companion to Ethnicity in the Ancient Mediterranean (Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World)

A Companion to Ethnicity in the Ancient Mediterranean (Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World)

Language: English

Pages: 600

ISBN: 1444337343

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

A Companion to Ethnicity in the Ancient Mediterranean presents a comprehensive collection of essays contributed by Classical Studies scholars that explore questions relating to ethnicity in the ancient Mediterranean world.

  • Covers topics of ethnicity in civilizations ranging from ancient Egypt and Israel, to Greece and Rome, and into Late Antiquity
  • Features cutting-edge research on ethnicity relating to Philistine, Etruscan, and Phoenician identities
  • Reveals the explicit relationships between ancient and modern ethnicities
  • Introduces an interpretation of ethnicity as an active component of social identity
  • Represents a fundamental questioning of formally accepted and fixed categories in the field



















Boiotia with the oldest description of the region we have: the Homeric Catalogue of Ships. Next, Theban and Boiotian foundation myths will be chronologically reviewed in order to bridge the divide between these temporally distant descriptions. Here, the focus will be on the polis Thebes because her double foundation in myths points to the interdependency of polis-bound and ethnic identity. Similarly, the foundation myths of the regional ethnos, the Boiotoi, will be examined more closely. Mind

Greek pottery may have arrived overland from the west or south) (Summerer 2007–2009; Tsetskhladze 2012a: 349–50). Assimilation, Blending, or Coexistence? From the middle of the fifth century, when local kingdoms such as the Odrysian and Colchian were established and (semi-)sedentary Scythia was formed, a very interesting relationship between them and the Greek cities developed. We have seen that the Odrysian and later Getic kingdoms were extracting taxes and tribute. This exchange was not just

Classical Dictionary definition reveals some problems with this idea: Hellenization is “the diffusion of [Greek] culture, a process usually seen as active” (my emphasis). Hellenization is a concept caught between competing approaches to identity, especially primordialist (universalizing), with its fixed Greek culture, and instrumentalist, with the idea of change as a process. Initially, the potential of transmission is presented as originating within Greek culture itself (its ability or tendency

often very bad about differentiating one group from another, particularly when such groups had become totally assimilated into Roman culture. The Faliscans and Umbrians, for example, were often confused with the Etruscans (e.g., Livy 5.8.5; for Umbrians, see Bradley 2000). Many writers did not know how to parse the various people of the south Apennines either. Even the poet Horace, from Venusia (a south Italian town with a pre-Roman, Oscan-speaking settlement, later “re-colonized”), was uncertain

sanctuaries for this cult have been found at Elst, Empel, and Kessel/Lith. In the latter case, it is clear that the settlement and the sanctuary existed as a central place of the Eburones before the Batavians arrived. A scenario is plausible by which Magusanus was a chief deity/hero of the Eburones, then syncretized with Hercules by the Batavians, who made the new syncresis their chief deity (Roymans 2004: 14). Huge amounts of deposited weapons and military equipment found at the sanctuaries show

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