A History of the Classical Greek World, 478 - 323 BC (Blackwell History of the Ancient World)

A History of the Classical Greek World, 478 - 323 BC (Blackwell History of the Ancient World)

P. J. Rhodes

Language: English

Pages: 405

ISBN: 0631225641

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This book gives an accessible account of classical Greek history, from the aftermath of the Persian Wars in 478 BC to the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC. The author describes the years which witnessed the flourishing of democracy in Athens; the establishment of the Athenian empire; the Peloponnesian War, which involved the whole Greek world; the development of Macedonian power under Philip II; and the conquests of Alexander the Great. His account combines narrative with analysis, and deals with major social, economic and cultural developments as well as political and military events. Rhodes details the evidence on which his narrative is based, which includes inscriptions, coins and material remains, and outlines the considerations, which have to be borne in mind in using this evidence.



















whatever its other merits, it was in breach of the amnesty of 403; later it was extended to allow other grounds for dismissal. There was a major change in the trial of private suits, those in which only the injured party could prosecute. In the fifth century the smaller cases had been decided locally by the thirty dikastai kata demous , the larger by a jury in the same way as public suits (cf. pp. 60, 65). But in the last years of the Peloponnesian War the dikastai kata demous stopped travelling

have supposed that he merely wanted to unify court ceremonial and, since he was in Asia, to follow the Asiatic model. It is not Ill. 32 Treasury relief at Persepolis, showing the King receiving proskynesis. � The Oriental Institute Museum, University of Chicago credible that Alexander thought those who performed proskynesis were worshipping him as a god; but he was increasingly seeing himself as somebody special and as the son of Zeus; probably the east was going to his head and he liked being

his reference to Callias’ presence at Susa ‘on some other business’: VII. 151), though it would be highly relevant to his theme of conflict between Greece and Persia; and it is not mentioned by Thucydides, though it would be highly relevant to his sketch of the growth of Athenian power, and when Persia supports Samos against Athens (cf. p. 73) he does not suggest that a treaty is being broken. Most scholars have been sufficiently impressed by the later evidence to believe in a treaty. It is clear

a fort in Attica in 413 (VII. 27. v: cf. pp. 147–8). In 431 there may have been in the region of 100,000 slaves (of both sexes), and probably only the poorest citizens and metics would not own any. The total population of Attica may have been in the region of 300,000-400,000. The adult male citizens were dependent on the women, children, metics and slaves to the extent that they could not have devoted so much time to public life if there had not been others to work for them while they were

remains of the Athens he knew that it was even more powerful than it actually was (I. 10. ii) - but it is not likely that in 479 there had been an undertaking to leave in ruins as a war memorial temples which the Persians had destroyed (cf. p. 17). But on Delos, no longer the centre of the Delian League, work on a new temple of Apollo was broken off about the middle of the century. Plutarch devotes a substantial section of his Pericles (12-14) to this building programme. Pericles’ opponents

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