A New History of the Peloponnesian War

A New History of the Peloponnesian War

Language: English

Pages: 1729

ISBN: B00B18ST30

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

A New History of the Peloponnesian War is an ebook-only omnibus edition that includes all four volumes of Donald Kagan's acclaimed account of the war between Athens and Sparta (431–404 B.C.): The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, The Archidamian War, The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition, and The Fall of the Athenian Empire. Reviewing the four-volume set in The New Yorker, George Steiner wrote, "The temptation to acclaim Kagan's four volumes as the foremost work of history produced in North America in the twentieth century is vivid. . . . Here is an achievement that not only honors the criteria of dispassion and of unstinting scruple which mark the best of modern historicism but honors its readers."

All four volumes are also sold separately as both print books and ebooks.




















weak reed of Athenian oligarchy. The true source of his confidence was Thebes. It was a general rule in the world of the Greek city-states that neighbors were at least mutually suspicious and often hostile. In landhungry Greece the source of conflict was usually a contest for desirable territory on the borders between neighboring states. For centuries, Sparta and Argos had contended for control of Thyreatis; a border dispute between Corinth and Megara had helped bring on the present general

whether in the boule or the courts. Finally, by now the payment of a cow and a panoply for the Athenian festivals is universal. As we have seen, this implied that all tribute-paying allies had the status of Athenian colonies. An inscription embodying an Athenian treaty with Colophon dated in 447/6, combined with what we learn from the tribute lists, gives us more evidence of what was happening to the relationship between Athens and her allies. The tribute quota list for 454/3 shows Colophon

likely that they had gained control of the sanctuary because of this alliance and the Athenian victory at Oenophyta. 2 By their action the Spartans were not violating the letter of the Five Years' Peace, but in attacking an ally of Athens, they were certainly violating its spirit. The attack is evidence of the restoration to power of the Spartan war party. Any hope that Pericles might have been fully converted to a Cimonian policy, that he might be willing to abandon at least part of his

that his chronology is not reliable at this point. Perhaps we should understand him to mean that it took place two years after the foundation of the city, which he places in 163 THE OUTBREAK OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR 446/5. If so we may guess that 442/ 1 is the proper date, but in any case some date in the forties is appropriate. Diodorus gives us a rather vague account of continuous fighting on land and sea with mutual plunderings but no clear result. 28 Once again Strabo has a clearer,

foreign relations alone do not explain the nature of the Thurian colony. In 444/3 the political threat that the son of Melesias posed to Pericles was at its height, and the rhetorical weapon that was doing the most damage was the combination of anti-imperialism and Panhellenism that was the overt program of the oligoi. We may suppose that Pericles saw this at least as clearly as we do and seized upon the opportunity of the appeal of the Athenians at Sybaris to steal his opponents' thunder. It is

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