Ancient Greece: Discovering Ancient Greece!
Martin R. Phillips
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Ancient Greece is, without a doubt, one of the most fascinating cultures that our world has ever seen! Whether you look at their mythology, their history, or their philosophy, the Ancient Greek civilization has permeated our approach to, and understanding of, the world at large. It is impossible to tell the story of modern civilization without providing some recognition to the influence of Greece.
The Greek Empire was vast, encompassing over 700 individual city-states, 150-173 of which would form the Delian League in an effort to combat the onslaught of Persia. How did so many city-states come together under one rule? With only a fraction joining the Delian League, how did these city-states stay together in times of disagreement and conflict?
There are hundreds, if not thousands of questions regarding this vast and fascinating civilization. One could spend years and write many volumes on each period of the Ancient Grecian culture, history, and mythology. It has been my pleasure to assemble this research, and the voice of Greece itself (through reference to its own historians, including Herodotus, Thucydides, and Xenophon.) I am excited to share with you an admittedly brief look at the civilization we know as Ancient Greece (a full history would take more pages than the unabridged Oxford English Dictionary and the Encyclopedia Britannica combined.)
In this book you will find the history and opinions of the Ancient Greeks. You will discover their truth and their mythology. You will learn of war and peacetime. There are heroes and villains, saints and scoundrels. You will find philosophies that changed the world, and continue to do so even to this day.
For the most part, the contents of this book are arranged topically as opposed to strictly chronologically to allow specific areas of interest in the Ancient Greeks and their civilization to be more easily accessible. However, care has been taken to include the approximate dates of people and events to give you a good idea of the chronology of the content.
The importance of the Greek civilization cannot be overstated. In nearly every facet of our lives, we can find something which had its roots, or took a new turn in Ancient Greece. When you go to the polls to elect an official, you are operating on a Greek principle. When you discuss the nature of life with others, you are performing a modified version of the Greek symposium. Even when you sit down to watch television, or read a book, you often find references to Trojan wars, Sparta and their role in the conflict with the Persians, the philosophy, or the character of the Greeks.
As you rediscover Ancient Greece, I encourage you to make note of how much of that vast and diverse civilization still lives on throughout our world today.
various demagogues until Alcibiades took control of the polis. He went against the non-expansion which Pericles had insisted upon and sought to grow the Athenian Empire. Alcibiades led a campaign to take Sicily which was, at that time, under attack from Syracuse. Upon his return, however, Alcibiades went, not back to the Athenians, but to Sparta. His allegiance would switch many times between alliance to Athens and allegiance to Sparta, no doubt weakening the cause of Athens. Alcibiades was
agreement of peace, but they were killed and thrown from the city walls into the sea. Alexander ordered that a siege be staged against the city, and he built a causeway, roughly 2/3 of a mile long (1 kilometer) to the Tyrian shore. With the use of siege towers, he eventually took the city and, frustrated by the stubbornness of the Tyrians, he set fire to the city. Alexander continued his campaigns and before he was done, he was hailed as King of Macedonia (336-323 BC), Pharaoh of Egypt (332-323
the time were much different than those with which we are familiar today. He was given a brief period in which to defend himself, and used this time to logically prove that he wasn’t subject to trial and, in fact, should be honored with free food for the remainder of his life, and held as a benefactor of the people. The judges weren’t pleased with his defense and found him guilty, sentencing him to death by hemlock. It was said by his student Xenophon that Socrates’s defiance was intentional with
Eleusinian cult. The punishment for those boys was death. CHAPTER 3 The Birth of Democracy Moving from mythology back to historical fact, we come to the Athenian Revolution in 508 BC. The people, who had been oppressed for hundreds of years by those in power, revolted against their rulers. The people would find the solution to their trials in one of the most unlikely people. There are two common approaches to the Athenian Revolution, and both will be taken here in the interest of covering the
amassing yet another enormous army. This army was intended to invade Greece yet again, but it fell into discord when the Egyptians revolted. Darius died while trying to quell this uprising. With Darius’s death in 486 BC, control of The Persian Empire was passed to his son Xerxes. Xerxes was hateful toward the Greeks and the Egyptians, blaming them for the death of his father. The revolt in Egypt was quickly put down by Xerxes, and a new plan to invade Greece was initiated. He decided to bridge