Antiquity: Greeks and Romans in Context

Antiquity: Greeks and Romans in Context

Frederick G. Naerebout, Henk Singer

Language: English

Pages: 466

ISBN: 2:00232858

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

"Antiquity: Greeks and Romans in Context" provides a chronological introduction to the history of ancient Mediterranean civilizations within the larger context of its contemporary Eurasian world.Innovative approach organizes Greek and Roman history into a single chronology. Combines the traditional historical story with subjects that are central to modern research into the ancient world including a range of social, cultural, and political topics. Facilitates an understanding of the ancient Mediterranean world as a unity, just as the Mediterranean world is in its turn presented as part of a larger whole. Covers the entire ancient Mediterranean world from pre-history through to the rise of Islam in the seventh century A.D.Features a diverse collection of images, maps, diagrams, tables, and a chronological chart to aid comprehension. English translation of a well-known Dutch book, "De oudheid," now in its third edition




















live up to. The poor had no slaves and needed the labor of their female relatives in order to survive. So there were women out in the fields and on the streets, but they were definitely lower class. Women were kept away from male strangers, in order to protect the virginity of daughters and to ensure the fidelity of wives, and thus the legitimacy of one’s children. Also, the behavior of the women in a household was an index of the honor of the householder: if he could not control his womenfolk, his

Africa and beyond. To the east, Neolithic culture reached Iran and the Indus valley. There, the first agricultural settlements arose in the 5th millennium BC, at the latest. Further to the east, in India and Southeast Asia, a possibly independent development began, in which the gathering of plants and various tropical fruits and crops lead to a semi-sedentary way of life and where in the 4th millennium BC, if not earlier, the transition to rice growing was made. From here, at a later stage, the

pentakosiomedimnoi (“500-bushel-men,” who harvested at least 500 medimnoi or bushels of grain each year). In many respects, this organization remains rather obscure to us; the property assessments recorded for the other classes, 300 bushels for the hippeis, 200 or 150 for the zeugitai, are dubious, to say the least. Nevertheless, the thrust of Solon’s reforms is clear. The political rights of the citizen population were now closely bound up with membership of one of these property classes. From

were overrepresented. Preparing the meetings of the assembly was the main task of the boule. But the council also had to ensure that decisions by the assembly were carried out, and especially to keep a check on third parties hired for certain tasks. The council, or commissions composed of council members, kept an eye on all servants of the polis, supervised shipbuilding, the provisioning of the fleet, the tendering and execution of public works, and were involved in the organization of religious

religious ceremonies and festivals. Their religious duties, in particular, gave them some freedom of movement: there were many religious cults in which women actively participated, or where participation was restricted to women. Men went out to work, to take part in the political life of the polis, to meet friends, and so on. Women lived on the inside, men on the outside, and their spheres were quite separate. At least, this was the Athenian ideal, an ideal that only the wealthier could fully

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