Carceral Geography: Spaces and Practices of Incarceration
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The ’punitive turn’ has brought about new ways of thinking about geography and the state, and has highlighted spaces of incarceration as a new terrain for exploration by geographers. Carceral geography offers a geographical perspective on incarceration, and this volume accordingly tracks the ideas, practices and engagements that have shaped the development of this new and vibrant subdiscipline, and scopes out future research directions. By conveying a sense of the debates, directions, and threads within the field of carceral geography, it traces the inner workings of this dynamic field, its synergies with criminology and prison sociology, and its likely future trajectories. Synthesizing existing work in carceral geography, and exploring the future directions it might take, the book develops a notion of the ’carceral’ as spatial, emplaced, mobile, embodied and affective.
‘not-in-my-back-yard’ (NIMBY) attitude of many host communities, (see for example Sechrest 1992, Martin 2000, Thies 2001, Combessie 2002), with research on prison siting and the relationships between prisons and local communities highlighting the traditionally assumed opposition of communities to location of prisons close by. Negative attitudes towards prison location are often recognised and addressed as part of public consultation processes ahead of prison construction. For example, in an
21 people for every 10,000 crimes in 1975, but 125 by 2005, indicating an increasingly punitive response to crime which in turn demands that attention be paid to the extra-penological functions of prison; in other words, what else prison is useful for other than removing and punishing offenders. Wacquant (2011a) contended that prison is an instrument of control of disruptive, discontented, impoverished ethnic groups and lower classes, heightened by state responses to social and economic changes;
Al Capone’s incarceration and the stories of escapes. But we also are thinking this is the place for people who want to see the huge changes in the US criminal justice system. This is the place to have those conversations’.1 The commodification of the macabre at prison sites erases as much as it reveals in relation to the communication of the meaning and purpose of contemporary imprisonment and punishment to visiting audiences (Morin 2013, Walby and Piché 2011). Where prison heritage sites do
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