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First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
that it is always both traditional and creative; that it is both the most ordinary common meanings and the finest individual meanings. We use the word culture in these two senses: to mean a whole way of life—the common meanings; to mean the arts and learning—the special processes of discovery and creative effort. Some writers reserve the word for one or other of these senses; I insist on both, and on the significance of their conjunction. The questions I ask about our culture are questions about
into a conjunctural analysis of the British crisis and the ‘exceptional state’ solution: We identify, here, four principal aspects: the political crisis; the economic crisis; the ‘theatre’ of ideological struggle; the direct interpellation of the race issue into the crisis of British civil and political life. All four themes must be understood as unrolling within an organic conjuncture whose parameters are Populism and ordinary culture 37 overdetermined by two factors: the rapid deterioration
business to examine…. [It is founded in] a concept of society which relegates the majority of its members to mob status. The idea of the masses is an expression of this conception, and the idea of mass communication a comment on its functioning. (Williams 1958:289, 293) Raymond Williams himself never altered his judgement that the ‘mass’ formula should be scrupulously avoided because of its irredeemable association with contemptuous elitism and ‘mob’ psychology (Heath and Skirrow 1986). Although
applied to teenage girls and their magazines’. Girls ‘play little, if any, role in shaping their popular culture and their choice in consumption is extremely narrow’ (p. 267). McRobbie’s position, stated in the Jackie article, was neo-Gramscian, drawing attention to how ‘hegemony is sought uncoercively on this terrain’, the terrain of civil society which works, under capitalism, through ideologies of ‘freedom’ and ‘choice’. In studying a text like Jackie, then, it is 110 Analytical objects
its understanding of pornography not only as a cause of violence to women (important as that is), but as a major contribution in creating negative attitudes of ‘bigotry and contempt’ and sexual inequality. Once and for all it is clear that pornography is a women’s rights and civil liberties issue… defining pornography as sex discrimination (‘the graphic sexually explicit subordination of women in words and pictures’) and then stipulating that any single item of pornography will always include one