Egypt, the Aegean and the Levant : Interconnections in the Second Millennium Bc
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Resulting from an international colloquium held at the British Museum in 1992, this book is largely devoted to the subject of Egypt's relations with the Mediterranean world in the second millennium BC. The implications of the remarkable discoveries at Tell el-Dab'a, the site of ancient Avaris (the Hyksos capital of Egypt), form the primary focus, with papers on Egypt's connections with Cyprus and Minoan Crete, and chronological problems also discussed. These are placed in a wider context by further contributions on Egypto-Minoan relations in general, on the evidence for Mycenaeans in Egypt and the presence of Orientalia at Mycenae, on Aegean influence in Egypto-Canaan, on the sources of Egyptian copper and on the nature of foreign timber imports into Egypt.
patterns from the tomb of Hepzefa. American Journal ofArchaeoLogy 74, 25 30. Sherratt, A and Sherratt, S 1991. From luxuries to com modities: the nature of Mediterranean Bronze Age trading systems. In N H Gale (ed.), Bronze Age Trade in the Mediterranean. Papers presented at the Conference held at Rewley House, Oxford, in December 1989. Studies in Mediterranean Archae ology, Xc. Goteborg, Paul Astroms Forlag, 351 98. Smith, W S 1965. Interconnections in the Ancient Near East. New Haven and
idea in a public lecture at the Archaeo logical Society in Athens, June 1992, and in The Raymond and Beverly Sackler Foundation Distinguished Lecture in Egyptology at the British Museum in July 1992; see also my alticle in Egyptian Archaeology 2 (1992), 28. 56. The monkey motif appears 18th century and in seals of the Some of the motifs may have glyptic art. See R Higgins, The 1979,22-9. 52. Minerva 4, no. 3 (1993),13-14. 28 already in jewellery of the pre-palatial Minoan period. penetrated
mnuence derive from earlier New Kingdom contacts tb th egcan rather than contemporary contacts. On the mean pollery found at Amarna see: Hankey 1981 and v lumc: also Cline 1987 (esp. 13-14). y ) l l' 24. The tomb of Rekhmire in Thebes provides a later gli mpse of how such animals might have reached the Aegean. In a register beneath the Keftiu in the well-known 'tribute' scene are Nubians and Sudanese who bring with them numerous southern animals including a monkey who climbs up the neck of
fig. 97; Taylour 1983, ISO. fig. 146). These beads have not been included here since their origins/manufacture are so ambiguous. As Taylour 1983, 150, states, this type of bead 'is possibly Syrian but it might equally well be of Mycenaean manufacture. It occurs in Greece, Rhodes, Cyprus, Syria and in Sicily' (see also Wace and Blegen 1939, 142; Wace 1949, 108; McGovern 1985,77-8, 82 classifies these as Syro-Palestinian 'double-hubbed "wheel" pendants'). 6. See Cline 1994. 7. Mellaart 1968,
Greece. In N H Gale (ed.), Bronze Age Trade in the Aegean. Jonsered, Paul Astroms Forlag, 162-79. Pendlebury, J D S 1930a. Egypt and the Aegean in the Late Bronze Age. Journal of Egyptian Archaeol ogy 16, 75-92. Pendlebury, J D S 1930b. Aegyptiaca, A Catalogue of Egyptian Objects in the Aegean Area. Cambridge, University Press. Petruso, K M 1984. Prolegomena to Late Cypriot Weight Metrology. American Journal ofArchaeol ogy 88, 293-304. Phillips, J 1991. The Impact and Implications of the