Sexuality in Greek and Roman Literature and Society: A Sourcebook (Routledge Sourcebooks for the Ancient World)
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This Sourcebook contains numerous original translations of ancient poetry, inscriptions and documents, all of which illuminate the multifaceted nature of sexuality in antiquity.
The detailed introduction provides full social and historical context for the sources, and guides students on how to use the material most effectively. Themes such as marriage, prostitution and same-sex attraction are presented comparatively, with material from the Greek and Roman worlds shown side by side. This approach allows readers to interpret the written records with a full awareness of the different context of these separate but related societies. Commentaries are provided throughout, focusing on vocabulary and social and historical context.
This is the first major sourcebook on ancient sexuality; it will be of particular use on related courses in classics, ancient history and gender studies.
sexuality espoused by the French poststructuralist88 Foucault (1926– 84) require attention. Foucault’s three-volume work, The History of Sexuality,89 has had a profound and controversial impact on the Humanities, especially in his native France and, in the English-speaking world, most notably in the United States. His second volume, The Use of Pleasure, deals with the ancient world and further explores the theory postulated in the first volume that ‘sexuality’ is a modern construct that had no
transient. This phenomenon, in subsequent literature, leads the admirer to overlook physical blemishes and see only beauty in the beloved. For one who is beautiful (1) to look at is
not provide me with delight, nor an over-abundance of ringlets, taught as works (1) of craft, not nature. But the dusty filth of a gymnasium boy does, and the anointed skin on the flesh of his limbs. My desire (2) is sweet when it is unadorned, but a beguiling appearance (3) conveys the work of the more feminine Paphian. (4) Notes 1 The term erga (works) here and in l.6 (sing.) is suggestive of artifice and deception. Throughout the poem, natural beauty is preferred to that which is contrived. 2
indicative of his convictions concerning unequal sexual pleasure. 3 amor. There is a clever pun on his use of tangere, to touch (here in the passive) with its secondary sense of having sex with someone. 88 Plutarch Moralia 751.4 [ Dialogue on Love ]: Love of Boys is Genuine In the words of Protogenes, quoted by Plutarch’s son Autobulus, women are inadequate sexual partners as are slaves when compared with the romantic pursuit of freeborn boys. This passage extols the love between a man and a boy
by sexual love was enduring and unbreakable, since they stood firm when confronting danger because of each other, the erastai out of love for their eromenoi and the eromenoi out of shame in front of their erastai’ (Pel. 18). Cf. Ogden 1996 (111–15); for a re-evaluation of the Sacred Band and its ideals, cf. Leitao. Women in love 96 Sappho Fragments : Love and Friendship Sappho not only explores the power of emotions between women but the pain of separation experienced by women. This is