The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Philosophy (Cambridge Companions to Philosophy)
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This wide-ranging introduction to the study of philosophy in the ancient world surveys the period's developments and evaluates a comprehensive series of major thinkers, ranging from Pythagoras to Epicurus. Tables, illustrations, and extensive advice on further reading contribute to an ideal book for survey courses on the history of ancient philosophy. It will be an invaluable guide for those interested in the philosophical thought of a rich and formative period.
‘No evil is glorious. Death is glorious. Therefore death is not an evil.’ – Congratulations: I am free of the fear of death. Now I shall not hesitate to stretch out my neck on the block. To tell the truth, it is not easy to say who is Cambridge Companions Online © Cambridge University Press, 2006 Argument in ancient philosophy 33 the more futile: someone who thinks that such an argument can extinguish the fear of death, or someone who tries to refute the argument as though it had some
of the constitution of bone there is a closer approximation than in any other of his predecessors to an understanding of the role of form and essence in physical explanation. On this upbeat note we too may appropriately take our leave of the Presocratics. notes 1 2 3 4 5 All citations are by KRS number where available (i.e. as in Kirk, Raven and Schofield, The Presocratic Philosophers; see Bibliography ), whose version of the Greek text is followed except where specifically noted
usually be forged on both sides of a question, since if the matter were obvious there would be no need to persuade through skilful speech. One would therefore learn to anticipate opposing arguments. One would learn that precision and logical tightness not only can be elegant, but make the discourse both impermeable and transparent. One would learn to distinguish observation and conjecture, certainty and probability; and to compare probabilities of alternatives. One would begin to engage
them with sophists, and all of them bearing on issues considered in this chapter – as portrayed, reconstructed, or imagined by Plato and Xenophon. In the final column, names in quotation marks indicate people represented in the conversation but not present at it.5 Author Work Topic Participants include Plato Charmides What is temperance? Socrates, Critias Plato Cratylus Correctness of names Socrates, Hermogenes, Cratylus Plato Crito Should obedience to the law be absolute?
illuminating. Cambridge Companions Online © Cambridge University Press, 2006 jacques brunschwig and david sedley 6 Hellenistic philosophy introduction The ‘Hellenistic’ age is a politically defined one, bounded at its beginning by the demise of Alexander the Great’s empire (on his death in 323 bc) and at its end by Augustus’ inauguration of the Roman empire, notionally in 27 bc. These three centuries were a time of major geo-political upheaval in the Greek-speaking world, due first to the