The Persian Wars to the Fall of Athens: Books 11-14.34 (480-401 BCE)
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Only one surviving source provides a continuous narrative of Greek history from Xerxes' invasion to the Wars of the Successors following the death of Alexander the Great--the Bibliotheke, or "Library," produced by Sicilian historian Diodorus Siculus (ca. 90-30 BCE). Yet generations of scholars have disdained Diodorus as a spectacularly unintelligent copyist who only reproduced, and often mangled, the works of earlier historians. Arguing for a thorough critical reappraisal of Diodorus as a minor but far from idiotic historian himself, Peter Green published Diodorus Siculus, Books 11-12.37.1, a fresh translation, with extensive commentary, of the portion of Diodorus's history dealing with the period 480-431 BCE, the so-called "Golden Age" of Athens. This is the only recent modern English translation of the Bibliotheke in existence. In the present volume--the first of two covering Diodorus's text up to the death of Alexander--Green expands his translation of Diodorus up to Athens' defeat after the Peloponnesian War. In contrast to the full scholarly apparatus in his earlier volume (the translation of which is incorporated) the present volume's purpose is to give students, teachers, and general readers an accessible version of Diodorus's history. Its introduction and notes are especially designed for this audience and provide an up-to-date overview of fifth-century Greece during the years that saw the unparalleled flowering of drama, architecture, philosophy, historiography, and the visual arts for which Greece still remains famous.
strengthen the concord between them, and make them nobly endure the hazards of battle. The oath went roughly as follows:  “I will not value life above freedom, nor will I desert the leaders, whether living or dead; but I will bury all of the allies who have died in the ﬁghting; and if in this war I vanquish the barbaroi, I will not overthrow any of the cities that engaged in the conﬂict, nor will I rebuild any of the burnt and demolished temples but will leave them untouched, as a memorial to
resultant confusion throughout the Persian realm, they decided to make a bid for their freedom. So they promptly raised an army and revolted from the Persians, expelling those Persians stationed in Egypt to collect tribute [?fall 464], and setting up their own king, one Inaros by name.92  Inaros began by enlisting troops from among the native inhabitants, but later also gathered mercenaries from a variety of 92. Egypt had long been resentful of Persian control ever since the conquest by
litigants are under pressure from some person of greater inﬂuence, they seek adjudication on the basis of preliminary depositions sworn to in the name of these deities. This precinct has also for some while now been regarded as a sanctuary and has provided much help to slaves unlucky enough to have fallen into the clutches of uncivilized masters;  for their masters have no authority to forcibly remove those who have sought refuge at the shrine, and they remain there, safe from harm, until the
common are the puriﬁcation of Delos (Thuc. 3.104) and the sick throwing themselves into cisterns (Thuc. 2.49.5), and even here Diodorus’ antecedent causes differ from his predecessor’s. His climatic and dietetic explanations are in the regular Hippocratic tradition. 91. Thuc. 3.87.4, 89.2, where the description makes it clear that what happened was a classic tsunami: “and it destroyed all those who could not run up to high ground ahead of it.” Atalanta (89.3) is treated both here and previously
worthy actions, they grudgingly excused him. For the future, however, they chose ten of their shrewdest men to act as his advisers and instructed him to do nothing without ﬁrst consulting them. 79. After this the Athenians sent out to Argos, by sea, one thousand picked hoplites and two hundred cavalry, under the command of Laches and Nicostratus. Alcibiades accompanied them, though in a private capacity, because of his friendship with the Eleians and Mantineans. When they all met together in