Theorizing Anti-Racism: Linkages in Marxism and Critical Race Theories
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Over the last few decades, critical theory which examines issues of race and racism has flourished. However, most of this work falls on one side or the other of a theoretical divide between theory inspired by Marxist approaches to race and racism and that inspired by postcolonial and critical race theory. Driven by the need to move beyond the divide, the contributors to Theorizing Anti-Racism present insightful essays that engage these two intellectual traditions with a focus on clarification and points of convergence.
The essays in Theorizing Anti-Racism examine topics which range from reconsiderations of anti-racism in the work of Marx and Foucault to examinations of the relationships among race, class, and the state that integrate both Marxist and critical race theory. Drawing on the most constructive elements of Marxism and postcolonial and critical race theory, this collection constitutes an important contribution to the advancement of anti-racist theory.
nuanced and effective reading of Foucault, one not commonly understood or engaged by Marxist scholars, but one that offers insights into rethinking tensions and connections. REFERENCE Young, Robert J.C. 2001. Postcolonialism: An Historical Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. 3 Foucault in Tunisia rober t j. c. youn g Foucault’s Silence: Sidi-Bou-Saïd and the Context of Archaeology It is not only with respect to discourse that Foucault has been a central theoretical reference point for
Tunisia. It was in fact The Archaeology of Knowledge (1969) that Foucault wrote while he was living in Tunisia, developing the ideas of the book in lectures at the University of Tunis, where he taught from 1966 to 1968. He lived in the small village of Sidi-Bou-Saïd and wrote the book during long hours of intense, isolated reflection in the early mornings. He also witnessed the violent pro-Palestinian demonstrations during the Arab–Israeli war of 1967 that, by March 1968, developed into explosive
within a discursive formation (“the formation of strategies”). In the course of this elaboration, Foucault emphasizes that discourses operate in an unstable environment of change and transformation. The objects of a discourse are quite capable of being contradictory. Of the various rules that operate for a discursive formation, those of the “enunciative modality” and formation of concepts have been particularly influential. To take the first of these: the nature of the group of relations that
2005. Negotiating Citizenship: Migrant Women in Canada and the Global System. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Balibar, Étienne. 2002. Politics and the Other Scene. London: Verso. Banaji, Jairus. 2010. Theory as History: Essays on Modes of Production as Exploitation. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill. Bannerji, Himani. 1995. Thinking Through: Essays on Feminism, Marxism and Anti-racism. Toronto: Women’s Press. Baum, Bruce. 2006. The Rise and Fall of the Caucasian Race: A Political History of
movement thus: “This was not merely the desire to stop work. It was a strike on a wide basis against the conditions of work. It was a general strike that involved directly in the end perhaps a half million people. They wanted to stop the economy of the plantation system, and to do that they left the plantations.”61 166 Anthony Bogues By calling this movement a general strike, Du Bois, like James, made the slaves into a different social category. In Du Bois’s case, this stance was consistently