Verbal Aspect, the Indicative Mood, and Narrative: Soundings in the Greek of the New Testament (Studies in Biblical Greek)

Verbal Aspect, the Indicative Mood, and Narrative: Soundings in the Greek of the New Testament (Studies in Biblical Greek)

Constantine R. Campbell

Language: English

Pages: 285

ISBN: 1433100037

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Verbal aspect in Ancient Greek has been a topic of significant debate in recent scholarship. In this book, Constantine R. Campbell investigates the function of verbal aspect within New Testament Greek narrative. He argues that the primary role of verbal aspect in narrative is to delineate and shape the various ‘discourse strands’ of which it is constructed, such as mainline, offline, and direct discourse. Campbell accounts for this function in terms of the semantic value of each tense-form. Consequently, in the search for more effective conclusions and explanations, he challenges and reassesses some of the conclusions reached in previous scholarship. One such reassessment involves a boldly innovative approach to the perfect tense-form.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

member ([+telic], [+dynamic] or [+durative]) has a consistent, uncancelable semantic meaning, whereas verbs not marked [+telic], [+dynamic], or [+durative] may be interpreted, respectively, as either telic or atelic, durative or punctiliar, dynamic or stative, depending on other lexical constituents and the pragmatic context’.54 While this analysis seems to hold for lexical aspect, it is less convincing that the oppositions of grammatical aspect (i.e. of the forms of verbs) are also ––––––– 48 49

Galilee. Luke 8:49 :Eti auvtou/ lalou/ntoj e;rcetai, tij para. tou/ avrcisunagw,gou le,gwn o[ti te,qnhken h` quga,thr sou\ mhke,ti sku,lle to.n dida,skalonÅ While he was still speaking, someone came from the ruler’s house and said, ‘Your daughter is dead; do not trouble the Teacher any longer.’ ––––––– 10 The idiom is literally ‘he lies down’, referring to his reclining at the Pharisee’s table for a meal. 40 VERBAL ASPECT, THE INDICATIVE MOOD, AND NARRATIVE Luke 11:37 VEn de. tw/| lalh/sai

present indicatives within narrative proper, of which only 1 employs a verb of motion, peripate,w. There is a second instance in which the verb, though not naturally a verb of motion, does seem to imply motion within its context. In this example, proskartere,w means to persist in attendance at a law-court. P.Oxy. III 486.8–9 (A.D. 131, petition) avkou,saj Klau,dioj Kuintiano.j [o` geno,me]noj evpistra,thgoj [u`]pere,qeto evpi. to.n kra,tiston [h`g]emo,na. kavigw. me.n e;k[t]ote proskarterw/ tw|/

in New Testament Greek with Special Reference to the Gospel of John’, Occasional Papers in Translation and Text Linguistics 2 (1988), 27–38. Of the major contributors to the study of verbal aspect within New Testament Greek, a non-tense understanding of the present indicative is held by McKay, Porter, Olsen and Decker, while Fanning and Evans retain the traditional tense understanding, though for Fanning ‘The relative time-values are a secondary effect of the aspects in context rather than a

neither of these categories is entirely subjective or objective is simply a recognition that often aspect is determined by standardized usage and expression, or a lack of choice,15 and Aktionsart is still a matter of observation and interpretation. However, with this caveat in place, it is a helpful distinction to regard aspect as primarily subjective and Aktionsart as primarily objective. The distinctions between aspect and Aktionsart must lead us to reject a common misconception regarding

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